Take care of your gums if you don’t want to lose your teeth. Gum disease is preventable. If reversed at an early stage, you might keep your teeth for a lifetime.
Gums can become inflamed due to disease that can slowly progress to affect the bone and tissue surrounding your teeth. Gum disease will progress through two stages according to severity. The least severe is gingivitis, becoming more severe with advanced periodontitis.
Q: When does periodontal disease occur?
When your gums are infected with bacteria, they will bleed or become swollen. If necessary precautions are not taken, infection will spread and start to destroy the support structure of the teeth. As a result, teeth can become loose and may need to be extracted. It has been accepted by scientists that periodontal disease is caused mainly by dental plaque and bacteria.
Q: What is periodontitis?
Periodontitis is caused by inflammation of the structure that supports the teeth and gums. The initial stage of this disease starts with gingivitis. Periodontal disease occurs when bacteria accumulate around the teeth, which results in infection. Although our body will fight the infection, it will also produce some substances that damage the jawbone and ligaments surrounding the teeth. This will form pockets in between teeth and gums where bacteria will grow. If left untreated your teeth may even fall out.
Q: What are the treatments available for periodontitis?
Scheduling regular checkups will help in preventing gum disease before it develops. Although most dentists will recommend scaling and root planning, which is also a surgical procedure, there is advanced therapy and technology to treat gum disease nowadays.